Dr Krista McLennan

Lecturer in Animal Behaviour

Krista’s background is primarily the behaviour and welfare of production animals. She gained her PhD in dairy cattle social behaviour at Moulton College in association with University of Northampton. Krista recently completed a post-doctoral position at the University of Cambridge, Department of Veterinary medicine, on the behavioural and physiological biomarkers of pain in sheep as part of the Animal Welfare Indicators project (AWIN), before joining the animal behaviour and welfare team at the University of Chester.

Overview

I have always had an interest in animals and studied for my BSc (Hons) in equine studies (science option) at Sparsholt College, University of Plymouth. After a year working out in industry I went on to study at the University of Exeter for a master’s degree in Animal Behaviour. Upon completion I gained an Associate Lecturer / Resident Researcher’s post at Moulton College in collaboration with the University of Northampton, where I was able to gain experience teaching alongside studying for a PhD in dairy cattle social behaviour. Towards the end of my PhD I took up a post-doctoral position at the Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Cambridge working on an EU funded project (Animal Welfare Indicators, AWIN) looking at the relationship between disease, behaviour and welfare of sheep. I developed the Sheep Pain Facial Expression Scale that can be used by farmers and veterinarians to help them recognise and assess pain in sheep, leading to an improvement in animal welfare.

http://www.animalwelfarehub.com/

Krista McLennan

 

Teaching

I teach on the undergraduate programmes for the Animal Behaviour and Animal Behaviour and Welfare courses. I teach across all three levels on a number of different programmes, including the Bioveterinary Science Degree, Animal Behaviour and the Animal Behaviour and Welfare degrees. I currently supervise both undergraduate and postgraduate research students.

My main areas of teaching expertise include the behaviour, health and husbandry of production animals and applying this to welfare assessments. Additionally I teach on the Comparative Anatomy and Physiology of Animals module at level 4 and the Physiology and Behaviour module at level 6. These areas allow me to explore how we design the buildings we house our animals in, to investigating how their physiology controls and regulate their response to the environment. 

Research

One of my main areas of research is the welfare of production animals. I am interested in the behavioural indicators of pain, and in particular the relationship between disease, behaviour, welfare and pain. I am also interested in the social behaviour of large animal species

Self-funded MRes/PhD projects available:

  • Facial recognition in sheep.
  • Social support and health in dairy cattle.
  • Lameness in dairy cattle and sheep.
  • Disease and pain in farm and equine species.
  • Housing design impacts on behaviour and welfare.
  • Facial expression of pain during parturition in sheep.

 Link to Researchgate profile

Twitter:@kmmclennan

Published work

Selected Journal articles:

McLennan, K.M., Rebelo, C.J.R., Corke, M.J, Holmes, M.A., Leach, M.C., and Constantino-Casas, F., (2016). Development of a facial expression scale using footrot and mastitis as models of pain in sheep. Applied Animal Behaviour Science. Vol 176; 19-26

McLennan, K. M., Skillings, E.A., Rebelo, C. J. B., Corke, M.J., Pires Moreira, M.A., Morton, A. J., and Constantino-Casas, F. (2015). Technical note: Validation of an automatic recording system to assess behavioural activity level in sheep (Ovis aries). Small Ruminant Research. Vol 127, pp. 92-96

Corke, M.J., McLennan, K.M., Rebelo, C.J.R., Constantino-Casas, F. (Jan 2014). Assessment of Pain in Farm Animals. Goat Veterinary Society Journal. 30; 60-68.

Corke, M.J., McLennan, K.M., Rebelo, C.J.R., Constantino-Casas, F. (2014). Assessment of Pain in Sheep. Proceedings of the Sheep Veterinary Society, Vol 38.

McLennan, K. M., (2012). Farmyard Friends. The Biologist, 59(4) p. 18-22

 

Book Chapters:

Chapter 8: Handling and restraint in Horses and Donkeys. Chapman, S.J., and McLennan, K.M. (2018) In: Chapman, S.J. (Ed.), Safe Handling and Restraint of Animals: A Comprehensive Guide (115-152). West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Chapter 9: Handling and restraint of Cattle. McLennan, K.M. and Chapman, S.J. (2018) In: Chapman, S.J. (Ed.), Safe Handling and Restraint of Animals: A Comprehensive Guide (153-178). West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Chapter 10: Handling and restraint of Small Ruminants. McLennan, K.M. and Chapman, S.J. (2018) In: Chapman, S.J. (Ed.), Safe Handling and Restraint of Animals: A Comprehensive Guide (179-206). West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Chapter 11: Handling and restraint of Pigs. McLennan, K.M. and Chapman, S.J. (2018) In: Chapman, S.J. (Ed.), Safe Handling and Restraint of Animals: A Comprehensive Guide (207-222). West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Chapter 12: Handling and restraint of South American Camelids. McLennan, K.M. and Chapman, S.J. (2018) In: Chapman, S.J. (Ed.), Safe Handling and Restraint of Animals: A Comprehensive Guide (223-238). West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

 

Selected Conference Proceedings:

McLennan, K.M. and Leach, M. (2017). Using facial expression to assess emotional state. In Proceedings for UFAW

McLennan, K. M., Corke, M., and Constantino-Casas, F. (2017) Biomarkers of pain – separating pain from inflammation. In proceedings for UFAW

McLennan, K. M. Rebelo, C. J. B., Corke, M., Holmes, M., and Constantino-Casas, F. (2015) Behavioural and pain biomarkers of sheep with footrot and mastitis. In: Proceedings for the Final conference for Animal Welfare Indicators project, Brussels

Rebelo, C. J. B., Ajuda, I. G., McLennan, K. M., Lima, M.S., Stilwell, G., Corke, M.J., and Constantino-Casas, F. 2014 Pregnancy toxaemia in small ruminants - how does it develop in sheep and goats In: Proceedings for the XXVIII World Buiatrics Congress, Cairns, Australia,140. Eight Mile Plains Qld: Australian Cattle Veterinarians.  (Abstr.).

Rebelo, C. J. B.; McLennan, K. M.; Corke, M.J.; Broom, D. M.; and Constantino-Casas, F. 2014. Preliminary observations of pain indicators in sheep with pregnancy toxaemia In: Proceedings for the XXVIII World Buiatrics Congress, Cairns, Australia, 158. Eight Mile Plains Qld: Australian Cattle Veterinarians. (Abstr.)

Fritha Langford, Jill MacKay, Carol Thompson, Adroaldo J Zanella, Pericles Varella Gomes, Donald M Broom, Bjarne O Braastad, Judit Vas, Andreia De Paula Vieira, Murray J Corke, Carlos J Rebelo, Krista M McLennan. 2014. Digital learning materials on assessing pain and disease in sheep In: Proceedings for the 3rd Annual conference for Animal Welfare Indicators project, Prague P.55

McLennan, K. M. Rebelo, C. J. B., Corke, M., Holmes, M., and Constantino-Casas, F. (2014). The development of a facial grimace score in adult sheep. In: Proceedings of the Regional Meeting of the International Society of Applied Ethology, UK / Eire

McLennan, K. M. Rebelo, C. J. B., Corke, M., Holmes, M., and Constantino-Casas, F. (2014). The facial expression of sheep with footrot and its relationship with lameness, total lesion score and faecal cortisol. In: Proceedings of the 48th Congress of the International Society for Applied Ethology P111 

McLennan, K. M., Littlemore, J., McCormick, W., (2014). The effects of a dynamic group system on the social bonds of dairy cattle. In: Proceedings of Recent advances in animal welfare science IV, UFAW Animal Welfare Conference, York. P17

Rebelo, C. J., McLennan, K.M., Corke, M., Holmes, M., and Constantino-Casas, F., (2013). Clinical efficacy of tulathromycin administration in sheep with foot rot – preliminary results. 17th International symposium and 9th International Conference on Lameness in Ruminants 2013, Bristol, UK.

Rebelo, C. J. B., McLennan, K. M., Corke, M., Holmes, M., and Constantino-Casas, F., (2013). Indicators of pain in sheep with mastitis. 9th International Veterinary Behaviour Meeting, Portugal

McLennan, K. M., Rebelo, C. J. B., Corke, M., Holmes, M., and Constantino-Casas, F. (2013). Preliminary observations of pain indicators in sheep with footrot. 9th International Veterinary Behaviour Meeting, Portugal

McLennan, K.M., Littlemore, J., McCormick, W., (2012). The Effects of Short-Term Separation on Physiological Parameters of Dairy Cattle: Heart Rate versus Cortisol. In: Proceedings of the Regional Meeting of the International Society of Applied Ethology, UK / Eire

McLennan, K. M., Littlemore, J., McCormick, W., (2012). Husbandry Practices in Large Dynamic Dairy Herds: The Effects of Social Support. In: Proceedings of SET for BRITAIN, Biological and Biomedical Sciences Exhibition, House of Commons.