Professor John Buckley

Professor of Applied Exercise Science

Programme leader: MSc Cardiovascular Rehabilitation

John’s career in sport (originally as a tennis coach) and in exercise and health (exercise physiologist) has spanned over 30 years. It includes having set up his own exercise, fitness and physiotherapy business in Shrewsbury and managing it with his physiotherapy partners for 21 years. In parallel to this, since 1989 he has held part-time teaching and research posts initially in the School of Physiotherapy at Keele University (1989-2006) where he gained his PhD in 2003, and then in 2006, moving to the University of Chester to lead up the MSc in Cardiovascular Rehabilitation. Since 1999, he has also held the position of Exercise Physiologist at the national McArdle Disease Clinic, which is now based at the MRC Neuromuscular Centre, University College Hospital London.

He has held positions of national and international leadership in sport and exercise science and cardiovascular health and rehabilitation, including: President of the British Association for Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation (2009-2011); Chair of the BASES Division of Physical Activity for Health (2003 – 2007); Advisory panel member, Department of Health Commissioning Guide for Cardiac Rehabilitation;  Expert panel advisor to Skills Active (Since 2002); Co-chair and co-author of the International Charter on Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation

John's health & recreation pursuits and hobbies include playing tennis as a member of the Shropshire County Senior Men's team, and Trumpeter at the Shrewsbury Cathedral and in small Jazz ensembles

Qualifications

Bachelor of Physical Education (Minor Business Studies) University of British Columbia, Canada, 1986

Master of Science (Physical Education & Sport Science) Loughborough University, 1987

Doctor of Philosophy, Keele University, 2003

Accredited Sport and Exercise Scientist (Applied Exercise Physiology in Health), The British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences (BASES), 1996

 

Awards

BASES Cranlea Award: Outstanding Practice in Sport & Exercise Science, 2004

Fellow of the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences, 2010

 

Overview

Current fields of teaching and research: Cardiovascular and metabolic health, exercise physiology, clinical exercise testing and prescription, ratings of perceived exertion in clinical populations, field based assessments of functional capacity

Programme Leader – MSc Cardiovascular Rehabilitation

Summary of key roles and achievements in professional and academic enterprise

  • 1992 Led in development, education, training and standards of the Shropshire Health Authority Exercise Referral Scheme
  • 1999 Published first book “Exercise on Prescription”, which was cited as a resource for the 2001 NHS, Department of Health’s, National Quality Assurance Framework for Exercise Referral Systems
  • 1999 Appointed Exercise Physiologist to National McArdle Disease Clinic, at the Neuromuscular Institute, the Orthopaedic Hospital, Oswestry Shropshire; Now at the MRC Neuromuscular Centre, University College London Hospital,
  • 2000 Appointed BASES Physiology Section rep on the BASES Exercise Science Special Committee
  • 2001 Founding committee member of the Exercise Professionals Group of the British Association for Cardiac Rehabilitation (BACR) – a partnership with the BACR Exercise Instructor Network and the Association of Chartered Physiotherapists in Cardiac Rehabilitation
  • 2002 Appointed  to Expert Advisory Panel of Skills Active
    • Advisor to national standards in exercise referra
    • 2006 Co-author of the National Occupational Standards for Advanced Exercise Instructors working with Cardiac Population
    • 2007 Examination panel member for Level 3 courses in Exercise Referral
    • 2007 Member of the Level 4 advisory group on developing training standards and qualifications for Advanced Exercise Instructors working with clinical population
    • 2010 Co-author National Occupation Standards for Sport and Exercise Scientist
  • 2003 Appointed as Chair of the BASES Exercise Science Special Committee (ESSC), with the specific role to lead up the widening of the Association’s work in professional practice
  • 2005 Elected as Chair of BASES Division of Physical Activity for Health .
  • 2005 BBC1 Programming – production advisor and presenter, with presenter Richard Hammond from “Top-Gear” on a prime-time programme: Should I worry about exercise?
  • 2007 Founded and Chaired the Exercise for Health Practitioners’ Interest Group of the British Association of Sport & Exercise Sciences
    • Led the development and implementation of the new BASES Certified Exercise  Practitioner qualification,  launched in 2009
  • 2007 Co-authored chapter in BASES Guidelines on the use of ratings of perceived exertion in exercise testing and prescription
  • 2008 Published second book:  Exercise Physiology in Special Populations (commissioned by BASES and Profs Neil Spurway and Don McLaren)
  • 2008 Authored and implemented the Memorandum of Collaboration between the British Association of Sport & Exercise Sciences, The British Association for Cardiac Rehabilitation and the Association of Chartered Physiotherapists in Cardiac Rehabilitation
  • 2008 President-elect of the British Association of Cardiac Rehabilitation
  • 2009 - 2011 President of the British Association for Cardiac Rehabilitation/Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation (from September 2010)
  • 2011 Co-chaired  the development group and co-authored  the International Charter on Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation,
    • Presented at the World Congress of Cardiology Conference, Dubai, April, 2012. A collaboration of: the American Association of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation, The Association of Cardiovascular Health and Rehabilitation of Australia, the British Association for Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation, The Canadian Association of Cardiac Rehabilitation, The Cardiac Rehabilitation Association of New Zealand, The Irish Association of Cardiac Rehabilitation, The National Society of Cardiac Disease, Prevention and Rehabilitation of India, The Saudi Heart Association.

Invited presentations, keynote lectures and symposia chairs:

  • American College of Sports Medicine, Seattle 2009
  • Canadian Cardiovascular Society and Canadian Association of Cardiac Rehabilitation, Montreal (2010), Vancouver (2011)
  • The British Cardiovascular Society (2011, 2012)
  • The British Association of Sport & Exercise Sciences (2011)
  • The British Association for Cardiovascular Prevention Rehabilitation (2011, 2012)
  • The Saudi Heart Association, Riyadh (2012)
  • The Netherlands Sport Science Institute, Amsterdam (2012)
  • The Royal Society of Medicine, London (2012)
  • The British Heart Foundation (2012)

 

MPhil and PhD Supervision

MPhil Co-supervisor (with Prof G Whyte) to Gordon McGregor. The effect of weight-bearing and non-weight-bearing exercise on patients with intermittent claudication (MPhil awarded October, 2001, University of Wolverhampton).

PhD Co-supervisor (with Dr K Lamb) to Michael Morris. Predicting Maximal Oxygen Uptake Via Perceptually Regulated Exercise Tests (Viva-voce planned July, 2012).

PhD Lead supervisor (with Prof K George, Dr S Fallows) to Rosalind Leslie. Exercise in the efficacy of treatment in people with heart failure (Completion due date 2012/13).

PhD External Examiner

Effects of exercise and training on breathing mechanics in middle age and COPD. University of Wales, Aberystwyth, 2009.

Exercise prescription in heart failure. University of Brighton, 2010.

Cardiac structure and function through the age span from pre-participation cardiovascular screening to cardiac MRI in veteran athletes. The University of Wolverhampton, 2010.

External Examiner

MSc Sports Injuries-Rehabilitation, Manchester Metropolitan University (2006 – 2009)

External Validation Panel Member for University Courses

  • Sheffield Hallam University, MSc Sports Medicine (2004)
  • Brunel University, MSc Sports Science (2006)
  • Liverpool John Moores University, MSc Clinical Exercise Physiology (2009)
  • St Mary’s University College, Twickenham, BSc Clinical Exercise Science (2010, 2012)
  • Aberystwyth University, Wales, MSc Exercise and Health Research (2012)

Notable National and International Invited Presentations

The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC 1 Television) – Advisor/presenter, hosted with Richard Hammond, Should I Worry About Exercise? Presented July 2005 http://www.bbc.co.uk/sn/tvradio/programmes/shouldiworryabout/exercise.shtml

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6kKoJN2B7FM

American College of Sports Medicine (Seattle, May 2009): Invited speaker – Symposium on Regulation of exercise by means of perceived exertion

Commonwealth Games International Sports Science Conference (New Delhi, India, September, 2010). Invited keynote: Parallels in applied exercise physiology, between elite athletes and those with cardiopulmonary disease.

Canadian Cardiovascular Society/Canadian Association of Cardiac Rehabilitation Annual Conference (Montreal, October, 2010): Invited Keynote speaker on Exercise in Obesity and Diabetes

Conference of the British Cardiovascular Society (Manchester, 15th June, 2011). Invited debate: Exercise is bad for you vs exercise is good for you. Buckley JP (Chester) and Whyte GP (Liverpool). http://www.bcs.com/webcast2011/EXCHANGEHALLWEDNES/WED1000BUCKLEY/

British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Annual Conference (Essex, September, 2011). Keynote invited speaker: The 2012 Olympic Legacy for Exercise Science

Congress of the Canadian Cardiovascular Society (Vancouver, 23rd October, 2011). Chair and keynote speaker – Symposium on: Developing a Global Advocacy Panel and an International Charter for Cardiac Rehabilitation and Secondary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease. Warburton D (Vancouver, Canada), Buckley JP (Chester, UK) and Grace S (Toronto, Canada).

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia National Heart Association (SHA) Annual Conference (Riyadh, January 2012) – Invited Keynote speaker: Symposium on Cardiac Rehabilitation and Preventive Cardiology

Royal Society of Medicine, Pathology Section (London, 9th March, 2012): Invited speaker to a CME day on Drugs, death, sex and sports: Is sport good for us?

The Netherlands Sport Science Institute (23rd March, 2012), University of Amsterdam, Conference and Symposium on Peak Performance in Sport and Science – Invited keynote speaker: What will be the sport and exercise science legacy of London 2012?

World Congress of Cardiology, (Dubai, 19th April 2012): Chair – a meeting of the World’s national associations of Cardiovascular Prevention and Cardiac Rehabilitation: Developing international links to better develop and promote quality in cardiovascular disease prevention and rehabilitation

International Convention on Science, Education and Medicine in Sport (ICSEMIS), Glasgow; Convenor and Chair: Symposia on cardiovascular adaptations and function to exercise.

Teaching

Module leader, tutor or advisor to exercise and physical activity components of:

  • MSc Cardiovascular Rehabilitation
  • MSc Exercise & Nutrition Science
  • MSc Weight Management
  • MSc Public Health Nutrition
  • MSc Diabetes Management
  • BSc Sport & Exercise Science

Visiting Lectureships

  • Asian Heart Institute, Mumbai India
  • Imperial College London, Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, NHLI
  • University College London, School of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation
  • University of Ulster, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Belfast
  • Loughborough University School of Sport and Exercise Sciences
  • Buckingham Chilterns University, School of Health and Rehabilitation
  • Oxford Brookes University, Biological Sciences Sport & Exercise Science
  • Staffordshire University, School of Health Sport and Exercise

Research

Clinical exercise testing and prescription, ratings of perceived exertion in clinical populations, field based assessments of functional capacity

Collaborating research, teaching and clinical practice institutions

  • University of Stockholm, Sweden (Em Prof. Gunnar Borg)
  • MRC Neuromuscular Centre, University College London Hospitals
  • The German National McArdle’s Disease Clinic
  • The University of Basel, Sports Medicine Department, Switzerland
  • The British Olympic Medical Institute
  • Royal College for the Blind, Hereford
  • Imperial College, London
  • Countess of Chester Hospital, Chester
  • University of British Columbia, Canada
  • York University, Toronto, Canada
  • Neuromuscular Clinic, Oswestry Orthopaedic Hospital
  • Cardiac Services, University Hospital of North Staffordshire
  • Vascular Surgical Department, Royal Shrewsbury Hospital
  • School of Sport, Health and Exercise Sciences, University of Wales, Bangor
  • School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Gloucestershire
  • School of Sport, Leisure and Dance, University of Wolverhampton
  • School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Brunel University
  • School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Exeter

Peer reviewer:

  • American Journal of Cardiology
  • International Journal of Cardiology
  • Medicine and Science in Sports & Exercise
  • Heart
  • Journal of Sports Sciences
  • British Journal of Sports Medicine
  • Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
  • European Journal of Cardiology
  • European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation
  • Physiotherapy
  • European Journal of Applied Physiology
  • European Journal of Sport Science
  • Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
  • Applied Physiology Nutrition and Metabolism
  • Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
  • Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports

Published work

Books and monographs

Buckley J, Holmes J, and Mapp G. Exercise on Prescription, Cardiovascular Activity for Health. Oxford, Butterworth Heinemann, 1999.

Buckley J (Editor). Exercise physiology in special populations. London, Elsevier, 2008.

Parts or chapters of books

Buckley J. Exercise Physiology and Monitoring Exercise Intensity in Cardiac Rehabilitation (ed M. Thow). Exercise Leadership in Cardiac Rehabilitation, pp 47 – 95, Chichester, Wiley Science, 2006

Buckley J. Benefits of Exercise in Health and Disease (eds. Whyte G., Harries M., Williams C.) ABC of Sports and Exercise Medicine (3rd edition), pp. 92 – 96. London, BMJ/Blackwell Publishers, 2005.

 

Parts of books/monographs of professional standards and guidelines

Breen S., Buckley J., Denbury S., Deavin J., Goodliffe A., Ganachaud J., Greenleaeves N., Hayward E., Hinton S., Jones J., King R., Meade J., Robinson J., Sanghvi S., Taylor A., Turner S., Yates H. Standards for Physical Activity and Exercise in Cardiac Rehabilitation (1st edition), The Association of Chartered Physiotherapists in Cardiac Rehabilitation. pp 1 – 24. London, Chartered Society of Physiotherapy 2003, 

Probert H., Barritt H., Breen S., Buckley J., Graham K., Green F., Simpson L., Street J., Warren C. Standards for Physical Activity and Exercise in Cardiac Rehabilitation (3rd edition), The Association of Chartered Physiotherapists in Cardiac Rehabilitation. pp 1 – 55. London, Chartered Society of Physiotherapy, 2009

Buckley J., Hinton S., Lough F., Wright M. National Occupational Standards for Level 4; Advanced exercise instructor in cardiac disease. pp. 1 – 7. London, Skills Active, 2006

BACR Exercise Instructor Manual Leeds, Human Kinetics, 2006 (4thEdition, ed. Bell J.) Bell J, Buckley J. Chapter 8 Aerobic exercise and endurance training pp 135-144 Buckley J. Chapter 9 section IV Prescribing and monitoring exercise intensity pp 173 – 177.

Buckley J.P. and Eston RG. Chapter 13: Ratings of Perceived Exertion (eds. Winter E., Jones A., Davison R., Bromley P., Mercer T.) Physiological Testing Guidelines of the British Association of Sport & Exercise Sciences, Volume 2, 120 – 129. Routledge, London, 2006 

BACR Course Manual; A Practical Approach to Physical Activity and Exercise in the Management of Cardiovascular Disease. (ed. Jones J.). Leeds, Human Kinetics, 2009. Buckley J. Chapter 1 Exercise and physical activity pp 9 – 19. Buckley J. Chapter 2 Energy pathways pp 21 – 24. Buckley J. Chapter 9 Determining and monitoring intensity pp 125 – 134. Buckley J. and Jones, J. Chapter 10 Assessing functional capacity pp 135 – 142. Buckley J. and Jones J. Chapter 12 Assessment tools; outcome measures for physical activity and exercise in cardiac populations pp 165 – 172

Doust J., Buckley J., Tong R., Cale A., Miles A. National Occupational Standards in Sport and Exercise Science. pp 1 – 10. London, Skills Active, 2010

Jones J., Buckley J.P., Doherty P., Connolly S., Speck L., Furze G., Hinton S. Standards and Core Components of the British Association for Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation (BACPR, 2nd edition) London, British Cardiovascular Society, 2012. www.bacpr.com

Stone J. (Canada); Buckley J.P. (UK); Warburton D.R. (Canada); Sanderson B. (USA); Grace S. (Canada). International Charter of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation. pp. 1 – 5. World Congress of Cardiology, (Dubai, 20th April 2012)

 

Full papers in refereed journals

Buckley, J. Sports medicine: Taking care of your tennis elbow. Coaching Review, The Coaching Association of Canada; (November/December) 39 – 42, 1985.

Buckley, J.P. and Kerwin D.G. The role of the biceps and triceps brachii during tennis serving. Ergonomics, 31, 1621 – 1629, 1988.

Willmer, K.A., Abraheem, A., Hackett K., Simpson, T., Buckley, J.P. and Davis, J.A.S. Rehabilitation following myocardial infarction: evaluation of both “fast-track” and low level exercise on both physical and psychological parameters. Coronary Health Care, 3, 178 – 182, 1999.

Buckley, J.P., Davis, J.A.S. and Simpson, T. Cardio-respiratory responses to rowing ergometer and treadmill exercise soon after myocardial infarction. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 31, 1721 – 1726, 1999.

Buckley, J.P., Eston, R.G. and Sim, J. Ratings of perceived exertion in Braille: validity and reliability in production mode. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 34, 297 – 302. 2000

Buckley, J. How hard is hard? Ratings of perceived exertion explained. SportEx Health 11: 19 – 21, 2002.

Buckley J.P., Sim J., Hession R., Fox R. Reliability and validity of the measures taken during the Chester Step test to predict aerobic power and to prescribe aerobic exercise. British Journal of Sports Medicine 38(2): 197-205, 2004.

Buckley J.P. The Nuances of Physical Activity in the Prevention and Rehabilitation of Cardiac Disease. The National Association of Primary Care, Review (Summer) 57 – 62, 2006

Godfrey R.J., Whyte G.R., Buckley J, Quinlivan R. The role of lactate in the exercise-induced human growth hormone response: evidence from McArdle's disease. British Journal of Sports Medicine; 43: 521-525, 2009.

Whyte, G., Godfrey, R., O’Hanlon, R., Wilson, M., Buckley, J. and Sharma, S. Acute myocardial infarction in the presence of normal coronaries and the absence of risk factors in a young, lifelong regular exerciser. British Medical Journal Case Reports; doi: 10.1136/bcr.07.2008.0384, 2009.

Buckley J.P., Sim J., Eston R.G. Reproducibility of ratings of perceived exertion soon after myocardial infarction: responses in the stress-testing clinic and the rehabilitation gymnasium. Ergonomics, 52(4): 421 – 427, 2009.

Quinlivan R., Vissing J, Hilton-Jones D, Buckley J. Physical training in McArdle disease. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Issue 3. Art. No.: CD007931. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD007931, 2009.

Morris M, Lamb K, Cotterrell D, Buckley J. Predicting Maximal Oxygen Uptake Via a Perceptually Regulated Exercise Test (PRET) Journal of Exercise Science and Fitness; 7(2): 122-128, 2009.

Morris M, Lamb K, Cotterrell D, Hayton J, Buckley J. The validity and reliability of predicting maximal oxygen uptake from a treadmill-based sub-maximal perceptually regulated exercise test. European Journal of Applied Physiology: 109: 983 – 988, 2010

Leslie R, Buckley J.P. The clinical effectiveness of exercise training for patients with chronic heart failure. British Journal of Cardiac Nursing; 5 (3): 133 – 139, 2010.

Quinlivan RCM, Buckley J.P., James M, Twist A, Ball S, Duno M, Vissing J, Bruno C, D Cassandrini D, Roberts M, Winer J, Rose M, Sewry C. McArdle disease; clinical review. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry; Nov;81(11):1182-1188, 2010.

Buckley J. Exercise: tipping the balance towards sustained participation and lasting benefits. British Journal of Cardiology 18 (Supp 1) Feb: S11 – S12, 2011.

Buckley J. Why is cardiac rehabilitation so important? Taking the traditional components of cardiac rehabilitation and making them fit contemporary service and patient needs. British Journal of Cardiology 18 (Supp 1) Feb: S3 – S4, 2011.

Godfrey R, O’Hanlon R, Wilson M, Buckley J, Sharma S, Whyte G. Underlying cause discovered for a prior idiopathic AMI. British Medical Journal Case Reports; doi: 10.1136/bcr.02.2011.3799, 2011.

Buckley J. What’s in a name? British Journal of Cardiac Nursing. 6 (5): 249, 2011.

Buckley JP. and Borg GAV. Borg's scales in strength training; from theory to practice in young and older adults. Applied Physiology Nutrition and Metabolism; 36(5): 682-92, 2011.

Buckley JP. A critique on measuring reliability in exercise tests and outcome measures. European Journal of Preventive Cardiology; 19: 41-42, doi: 10.1177/1741826711429780, 2012.

Leslie L. and Buckley J.P. Low pulse pressure does not reduce the efficacy of a heart failure exercise programme. British Journal of Cardiology 19: 30 – 33, 2012.

 

Conference proceedings and published abstracts

Buckley JP, Invited symposium speaker: Factors relating to fatigue in those with chronic cardiopulmonary disease. Annual conference of the British Association of Sport & Exercise Sciences (September 2011, Colchester, Essex)

Buckley JP, Reardon M, Innes G, Morris MM. Using a heart-rate walking speed index to report truer physiological changes when using a walking performance test in cardiac rehabilitation. J Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention 2010; 30:346 – 347

Buckley, JP and Poirier, P. Exercise and Obesity. Closing keynote plenary session of the annual conference of the Canadian Association of Cardiac Rehabilitation, Montreal, 24 October, 2010. Sponsored by Montreal Behavioural Medicine Centre

Morris, M., Lamb, K., Hayton, J Cotterrell, D., Buckley, J. Predicting Maximal Oxygen Uptake Via A Sub-maximal Perceptually Regulated Treadmill Exercise Test. Proceedings of the American College of Sports Medicine, Seattle, May 2009. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: 41 - Issue 5 - pp 258-259.

Lee, M, Morris, M., & Buckley, J (2008). Predicting VO2max using Ratings of Perceived Exertion during the Chester Step Test. Presented at British Association for Sport and Exercise Science (BASES) Student Conference, Bedfordshire

Buckley J.P., McConnell A., Gorman C., Mills H (May 2007). Ratings of perceived inspiratory breathing effort during a 30-repetition maximum inspiratory muscle training session. Proceedings of the American College of Sports Medicine, New Orleans. Medicine and Science in Sport and Exercise 39(5) Supplement: 42: no621.

Quinlivan R, James M, Buckley J, Short D, Bruno C, Cassandrini D, Winer J, Roberts M,Rose M, Sewry C.  (October, 2007). Clinical aspects of McArdle disease in the UK. Neuromuscular Disorders; 17: 859.

Buckley J.P., Robbins G., Bradford C. (October 2005). Resistance training and ratings of perceived exertion in older people Proceedings of the British Association for Cardiac Rehabilitation, Glasgow.

Buckley J.P., Coates T., Melville M., Oliver T (October 2005) Metabolic Equivalent values measured during chair based exercise. Proceedings of the British Association for Cardiac Rehabilitation, Glasgow. Prize for best poster

Buckley J.P., Quinlivan R.C.M., Sim J., Eston R.G. (2003). Ratings of perceived pain and the second wind in McArdle’s disease. Proceedings of the American College of Sports Medicine. Medicine and Science in Sport & Exercise (May, 2003)

Buckley, J.P., Sim, J., Hession, R., and Fox, R. (2002). Perceived exertion and heart rate reliability during the Chester step test. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the British Association of Sports and Exercise Sciences, Manchester, Journal of Sports Sciences, 20

Buckley, J.P., Sim, J., Hession, R., and Fox, R. (2001) Is the error in predicting VO2max, from the Chester step test, more related to errors in estimated maximal heart rate or in errors in the estimated oxygen cost of a given stepping work-rate? Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the British Association of Sports and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool, Journal of Sports Sciences, 19, 37

Buckley, J.P., Quinlivan, R.M., Sim, J. and Eston, R.G. (2001). Heart rate response of McArdle’s patients performing a 12-min walking assessment. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the British Association of Sports and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool, Journal of Sports Sciences, 19, 36.

McGregor, G.S., Whyte, G., Buckley, J.P., and Houghton A. (2001). The effect of weight-bearing and non-weight-bearing exercise on patients with intermittent claudication. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the British Association of Sports and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool, Journal of Sports Sciences, 19, 55.

Buckley, J.P., Innreiten, B., Sim, J. and Eston, R.G. (2000) Treadmill and rowing ergometer heart rate response at a pre-set rating of perceived exertion. Proceedings of the Annual Congress of the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy, Birmingham, Physiotherapy, 86, 589.

Buckley, J.P., Amlani, N., Sim, J., Eston, R.G. (2000). Perceived exertion, heart rate and blood pressure responses: a comparison between stress test and gymnasium environments. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the British Association for Cardiac Rehabilitation, Stratford-upon-Avon.

Buckley, J.P., Short D.J., Whittal, J., Lambert R., Beynon, R.J., and Quinlivan, R.M. (2000). A functional 12-minute walking assessment for McArdle’s patients using ratings of perceived pain and heart rate. Proceedings of the 5th International Congress for the World Muscle Society, Kruger Park, South Africa. Neuromuscular Disorders, 10.

Buckley, J.P., Quinlivan, R.M., Sim, J. and Eston, R.G. (2001). Assessing functional capacity in McArdle’s patients with an adapted Duke activity status index and a twelve minute shuttle walk test. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the American College of Sports Medicine, Baltimore ML, Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 33, abstract no 1755.

Buckley, J.P., Eston, R.G. and Sim, J. (1999). Reliability of regulating exercise intensity using a Braille ratings of perceived exertion scale with blind subjects. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the American College of Sports Medicine, Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 31, abstract no. 419.

Buckley, J.P., Cannon, E. and Mapp, G. (1998). The development of a nomogram for predicting VO2max from ratings of perceived exertion during submaximal exercise on a cycle ergometer. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the British Association of Sports and Exercise Sciences, York, Journal of Sports Sciences, 16, 14 - 15.

Buckley, J.P., Davis, J. and Mullis, R. (1998). Ratings of perceived exertion during rowing ergometer and treadmill exercise in patients using beta-blockers 2 – 6 weeks after myocardial infarction. Annual Conference of the British Association of Sports and Exercise Sciences, York, Journal of Sports Sciences, 16, 41 – 42.

Buckley, J.P. (1997). Rowing ergometer and treadmill exercise oxygen uptake 2 to 6 weeks post myocardial infarction. Proceedings of the European Society of Cardiology, New Insights in Cardiac Rehabilitation, Dublin.